Mars Institute - To further the scientific study, exploration, and public understanding of Mars.

Board of Directors

The Mars Institute is incorporated as a non-profit in both the United States and Canada. As such there is a board of directors for each country. Below are the directors and the boards they serve on.

Marc Boucher - Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer

Marc Boucher

Marc Boucher is an entrepreneur, technologist, explorer and bon vivant. He came into his own when spurred on by his brother, he decided to start his first business in 1991 and hasn't looked back since.

Boucher is the founder of aTerra Technologies, co-founder of SpaceRef Interactive and co-founder of the Mars Institute, and has ideas about starting other new ventures.

aTerra Technologies focuses on Internet technologies, in particular web publishing, data gathering and aggregation and is best known for developing original content properties and web crawlers. In 1996 the Canadian Internet Awards Committee awarded Boucher's web site, "Best Online Site" (Canada) for the year. Boucher created Canada's first search engine, Maple Square, in 1995. In 1998 he was asked by then partner AOL Canada to accompany them as their partner representative to testify before the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission's (CRTC) New Media and the Internet hearings.

SpaceRef Interactive grew out of an idea Boucher and co-founder Keith Cowing had at a meeting in Washington, DC, in early June 1999. On October 1, 1999, SpaceRef launched with little fanfare but soon became a hit. In June of 2000 SpaceRef announced it had licensed SpaceRef content to the Discovery Channel. Today SpaceRef is one of the leading online space news sites comprising 14 web sites in its network and growing. SpaceRef has also begun to modestly sponsor research by first donating the Arthur Clarke Mars Greenhouse to the Haughton-Mars Project (HMP) in 2002. In addition SpaceRef has been managing webcams for the HMP since the summer of 2000. Boucher himself has had the pleasure to participate in the HMP as an Exploration Research Co-Investigator for five field seasons and has been to the high-Arctic base three times, once in the summer of 2000, then 2002 and in 2005.

The Mars Institute is a non-profit research institute co-founded by Boucher in the fall of 2002 at the World Space Congress in Houston. With his colleagues Dr. Pascal Lee, Dr. Stephen Braham, Dr. Charlie Cockell the vision of creating an institute dedicated to the exploration of Mars became a reality. The Institue is now an important participant in the NASA Haughton-Mars Project and continues to develop research proposals for the exploration of Mars.

Boucher lives in Vancouver, beautiful British Columbia, home of the 2010 Winter Olympics. When not working Boucher relaxes by reading, sailing, hiking, traveling and adding to his modest collection of Japanese woodblock prints.

Marc Boucher's Blog: Nano2Sol

Pascal Lee - Chairman

Dr. Pascal Lee

Dr Pascal Lee is co-founder and chairman of the Mars Institute, a planetary scientist at the SETI Institute in Mountain View, CA, and the Principal Investigator of the NASA Haughton-Mars Project (HMP) at NASA Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, CA. He holds an Ingénieur degree (ME) in Engineering Geology & Geophysics from the University of Paris (1987), and a MS (1993) and Ph.D. (1997) in Astronomy & Space Sciences from Cornell University.

Dr. Lee's research interests focus on Mars, asteroids and impact craters. He is particularly interested in the history of water on Mars and in the geologic and physical conditions allowing life to develop on planets. Dr. Lee often visits the Earth's polar regions and other extreme environments for planetary analog studies.

In 1997, as a National Research Council postdoctoral Research Associate at NASA Ames, Pascal Lee initiated the NASA Haughton-Mars Project (HMP), an international multidisciplinary field research project centered on the scientific study of the Haughton impact structure and surrounding terrain, Devon Island, High Arctic, viewed as a Mars analog site. The HMP explores possible parallels and differences between the Earth and Mars, and supports field studies of new technologies, strategies, and human factors in preparation for the future exploration of both the Moon and Mars by robots and humans. Dr Lee has led nine HMP expeditions to the Arctic to date, with core support in the US provided by NASA and the United States Marine Corps. Pascal Lee also conducts research in Antarctica. In 1988, he wintered over for 14 months at Dumont d'Urville Station as station chief geophysicist. In 1995-96, he was a field team member in the US Antarctic Search for Meteorites (ANSMET) Program. In 1998 and 1999, he was field scientist for the NASA-Carnegie Mellon University Robotic Antarctic Search for Meteorites (RAMS) Project.

Dr. Lee has been a participant in several NASA solar system spacecraft exploration missions. He was graduate student associate on Voyager's imaging team for the Voyager 2 flyby of Neptune and its moon Triton, graduate student associate on Galileo's imaging team for the flybys of asteroids 951 Gaspra and 243 Ida, graduate student associate on Mars Observer's camera team, and a collaborator on the Mars Polar Lander's participating scientist team. In 2002, Dr. Lee was principal investigator of the H2O Mars Exploration Rover (HOMER) Mars Scout mission proposal to NASA, with the SETI Institute, Boeing Company, Firestar Engineering, NASA Ames Research Center, NASA Johnson Space Center, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, U.S. Army, and U.S. Geological Survey as key institutional partners.

Pascal Lee is the author and co-author of over 100 scientific publications and the recipient of research grants from NASA, the National Research Council, the Canadian Space Agency, and the National Geographic Society's Committee for Research & Exploration. He is an advocate of human planetary exploration and has lectured widely on planetary science and exploration. He was invited as Logan Club Guest Lecturer at the Geological Survey of Canada (1999) and was Visiting Assistant Professor of Geology in the Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences at the University of Tennessee (Fall 2003). He is currently Visiting Assistant Professor of Astronomy and Space Sciences in the Department of Astronomy at Cornell University (Spring 2004).

Dr. Lee is recipient of the Eleanor Norton York Award from the Department of Astronomy at Cornell University (1994), the Vision to Reality Award from the Space Frontier Foundation (2003), and the United States Antarctic Service Medal.

Pascal Lee enjoys flying and photography. He is an FAA-certified helicopter flight instructor and lives happily in Santa Clara, CA.

Stephen Braham - Vice-President

Dr. Stephen Braham Professor Stephen Braham is the Director of the PolyLAB for Advanced Collaborative Networking at Simon Fraser University (SFU), Vancouver, British Columbia, Chief Field Engineer of the NASA Haughton-Mars Project (HMP), and Senior Researcher for the Canadian Space Agency-funded MarsCanada project.

Stephen was born on the outskirts of London, UK, in 1964, grew up studying both engineering (electronics and robotics) and science. He was a Finalist in the Young Engineer for Britain Competition for his robotics work, and received his first degree in Mathematics from Imperial College London in 1985. He moved to the States and received his PhD in Theoretical Physics (Quantum Cosmology and Quantum Black Hole/Wormhole physics) from Penn State in 1990. After a year at the Institute for Theoretical Physics in Berne, Switzerland, he moved to Vancouver for the first time in 1991 as a postdoc in the University of British Columbia Theoretical Physics gravity group. He created one of the first ever web sites, and the first web-based directory of researchers in General Relativity, HyperSpace. After a series of Postdocs, taking him back to the UK and then back to Canada, he developed the first full-blown application in the Java language, a collaborative science environment. He moved to SFU in 1997 and formed the PolyMath Development Group, later to become PolyLAB, the Sun Microsystems Technology and Research Excellence Centre for 21st Century Network Computing. PolyLAB has developed a wide-range of advanced software and hardware technologies for performing sophisticated science research in a 21st century network-centric fashion. It now sits inside the SFU Telematics Research Lab, which has a wide range of advanced terrestrial, optical, and satellite communications systems.

Stephen's research has focused on advanced Operations systems development for complex technical environments, ranging from telemedicine and disaster/emergency preparedness, and response, high-security computing and network infrastructure, and on to human and robotic space exploration/field systems. He is experienced in issues of Arctic and Deep Space communication systems and, in MarsCanada, leads development of next-generation technologies for supporting planetary exploration while also supporting analogue activities such as HMP. He has been a developer of TCP/IP-based solutions for space networking, including interplanetary networking systems.

He is a Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, American Geophysical Union, American Institute of Aeronautics and Aerospace, and the Arctic Institute of North America.

Stephen enjoys everything about the Arctic, playing and listening to music, and tries to get time to look up at the Stars when he's camping under dark skies.

David Jankowski

Dr. David Jankowski

Dr. Jankowski is an Associate with the Orange County office of Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP, one of the largest intellectual property law firms in the United States. Dr. Jankowski specializes in representing clients in a variety of intellectual property matters, including patents, trademarks, copyrights and trade secrets.

Prior to practicing law, Dr. Jankowski was an Assistant Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire. His research involved computer modeling of solid planetary bodies, digital image processing and analysis. He has nine peer-reviewed publications in physics and planetary science.

Dr. Jankowski holds a B.A. (1985) in Physics from the University of California, San Diego, and a M.S. (1989) and Ph.D. (1994) in Astronomy and Space Sciences from Cornell University. His Ph.D. dissertation was entitled "Rheology and Structure of Planetary Near-Surface Materials From Landform Topography." Dr. Jankowski's thesis research included investigating the Martian subsurface through the analysis and modeling of crater profiles derived from Viking Orbiter images. He turned to law in 1996 and graduated from Stanford Law School in 1999.